Illinois Civil War Facts


Illinois provided 259,092 of her sons for the war effort which translates to 6.8% (ranked 4th out of 44 states and territories) of the total men who served on both sides of the conflict. There were a total of 0 raids, skirmishes and battles in the state. Illinois had 4 Union P.O.W. Camps at Alton, Camp Butler (Springfield), Camp Douglas (Chicago), Rock Island

The Armies

Union - 43 States and Territories
Soldiers (White) recruited 255,057
Sailors/Marines (White) 2,224
Colored Troops 1,811
Total number of men recruited 259,092
% of Union Army 9.2%
% of state's population 15.1%
Overall rank 4
Regiments of foreign-born soldiers
Battery H, 1st Artillery: mixed-Scandinavian
Battery E, 2nd Artillery: half-German
Battery G, 2nd Artillery: mixed-Scandinavian
12th Cavalry: Co. B (German)
13th Cavalry: half-German
Battery L, 1st Infantry: Irish
9th Infantry: half-German
19th Infantry: Irish
23rd Infantry: Irish
24th Infantry: most-German
27th Infantry: half-German
33rd Infantry: Co. E, Swedish; Co. G, Swedish
36th Infantry: half-German; Co.F, Norwegian
43rd Infantry: German; Co. C, Swedish; Co. E, Swedish
44th Infantry: half-German
45th Infantry: half-German
57th Infantry: half-German
58th Infantry: half-German
82nd Infantry: German; 1 company, Swiss
89th Infantry: Co. D, mixed
Union Army Deaths
Killed/Mortally Wounded 9,894
Disease 21,065
Disease in Prison 1,721
Accidents/Drowning 1,028
Murdered 45
Suicide 33
Killed After Capture 18
Sunstroke 13
Military Execution 7
Executed By Enemy 1
Known/Not Classified 131
Unknown 878
Total 34,834
State Military Units
Artillery 3 batteries
7 light batteries
Cavalry 17 regiments
Infantry 150 regiments
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