Virginia Civil War Facts


Virginia was the 8th state to suceed from the Union on April 17, 1861. Virginia provided 192,924 of her sons for the war effort which translates to 5.0% (ranked 6th out of 44 states and territories) of the total men who served on both sides of the conflict. There were a total of 2,154 raids, skirmishes and battles in the state. Virginia had 3 Union P.O.W. Camps at Fort Monroe, Fort Norfolk, Newport News and Libby and 35 Confederate P.O.W. Camp at Alexandria (Prince Street Jail), Atkinson's Factory, Barrett's Factory, Belle Isle, Castle Godwin (Lumpkin's Jail), Castle Lightening, Castle Thunder (Richmond, Gleanor's Factory, Palmer's Factory, Whitlock's Warehouse) , Danville, E.D.M. Prison, Edward's Prison, Franklin Street, General Hospital #1 (Shockoe Hill), Grant's Factory, Gwathmey Warehouse, Harwood's Factory, Libby Warehouse, Ligon's Warehouse, Lynchburg, Howard's Factory, Gordonsville, Henrico County Jail, Libby *, Mayo's Factory, McCurdy's Warehouse, McDaniel's Warehouse, Pemberton Warehouse (Crew's), Petersburg (Castle Thunder), Richmond (15 prisons- Virginia State Penitentiary), Ross's Factory, Scott's Factory, Smith's Factory, Taylor's Factory, Warwick & Barksdale Mill, Winchester (Frederick County Jail)

In 1861, the Virginia State Convention passed an ordinance establishing a design virtually identical to that in current use. This flag has a deep blue field with a circular white center. The obverse of the great seal of the Commonwealth has been identically painted or embroidered on each side of the flag. A white silk fringe adorns the edge farthest from the flag staff.

The Virginia State seal depicts the Roman goddess Virtus representing the spirit of the Commonwealth. She is dressed as an Amazon, a sheathed sword in one hand, and a spear in the other, and one foot on the form of Tyranny, who is pictured with a broken chain in his left hand, a scourge in his right, and his fallen crown nearby, implying struggle that has ended in complete victory. Virginia's motto, Sic Semper Tyrannis (Latin for "Thus Always to Tyrants"), appears at the bottom.

The Armies

Confederate - 15 States and Territories
Total number of men recruited 155,000
% of Confederate Army 15.0%
Overall rank 1
% of South's population 9.7%
Overall rank 8
Regiments of foreign-born soldiers
Pelham's Horse Artillery (mixed)
Rains Artillery (German)
Virginiua Foreign Legion (British)
11th Infantry: 1 Company (Co. H, Irish)
17th Infantry: 2 Companies (Co. G, Irish; Co. I, Irish)
Confederate Army Deaths
Killed Officers 266
Killed Enlisted 5,062
Died of Wounds Officers 200
Died of Wounds Enlisted 2,319
Died of Disease Officers 168
Died of Disease Enlisted 6,779
Total 14,796
State Military Units
Artillery 10 regiments
11 battalions
96 companies
4 batteries
1 legion
Cavalry 35 regiments
23 battalions
7 companies
Infantry 70 regiments
27 battalions
4 companies
Engineers 1 battalion
Sharpshooter 1 regiment
Union - 43 States and Territories
Total number of men recruited 37,924
% of Union Army 1.4%
% of state's population 2.4%
Overall rank 17
Union Army Deaths
Killed/Mortally Wounded 10
Disease 16
Disease in Prison 13
Accidents/Drowning 2
Murdered 1
Military Execution ??
Executed By Enemy ??
Known/Not Classified ??
Unknown ??
Total 42
State Military Units
Artillery ??
Cavalry ??
Infantry 2 regiments
Site Map | Copyright © 2013,