Tennessee Civil War Facts


Tennessee was the 11th state to suceed from the Union on June 8, 1861. Tennessee provided 166,227 of her sons for the war effort which translates to 4.3% (ranked 7th out of 44 states and territories) of the total men who served on both sides of the conflict. There were a total of 1,462 raids, skirmishes and battles in the state. Tennessee had 2 Union P.O.W. Camps at Irving Block (Memphis), Nashville ( Tennessee State Penitentiary, Maxwell House) and 5 Confederate P.O.W. Camps at Fort Misner (Columbia), Knoxville*, Memphis (Botanico-Medical), Nashville (Maxwell House),Swim's Jail (Chattanooga)

The Tennessee State Flag was designed by Capt. LeRoy Reeves of the 3rd Regiment, Tennessee Infantry. Capt. Reeves explained the design of his flag as follows: Tennessee is divided into 3 regions - the Tennessee River divides West Tennessee from Middle Tennessee, and East Tennessee is the area of the Smokey Mountains and east - the "Grand Divisions. The 3 stars are of pure white, representing the three grand divisions of the state. They are bound together by the endless circle of the blue field, the symbol being three bound together in one.... an indissoluble trinity. The large field is crimson. The final blue bar relieves the sameness of the crimson field and prevents the flag from showing too much crimson when hanging limp. The white edgings, contrast more strongly the other colors.

This flag was adopted as the official flag of the State of Tennessee by an act of the Legislature passed and approved April 17, 1905.

The Armies

Confederate - 15 States and Territories
Total number of men recruited 115,000
% of Confederate Army 11.1%
Overall rank 4
% of South's population 10.4%
Overall rank 6
Regiments of foreign-born soldiers
2nd Infantry, Irish
10th Infantry, Irish
15th Infantry: 1 Company (Co. I, mixed)
21st Infantry: 1 Company (Co. B, Irish)
Confederate Army Deaths
Killed Officers 99
Killed Enlisted 2,016
Died of Wounds Officers 49
Died of Wounds Enlisted 825
Died of Disease Officers 72
Died of Disease Enlisted 3,353
Total 6,414
State Military Units
Artillery 2 regiments
1 corps
1 battalion
23 companies
10 batteries
Cavalry 68 regiments
19 battalions
7 companies
1 squadron
Infantry 102 regiments
8 battalions
2 companies
Engineers 1 corps
Sharpshooter 1 battalion
Union - 43 States and Territories
Total number of men recruited 51,227
% of Union Army 1.8%
% of state's population 4.6%
Overall rank 15
Union Army Deaths
Killed/Mortally Wounded 744
Disease 4,086
Disease in Prison 1,150
Accidents/Drowning 375
Murdered 24
Killed After Capture 1
Suicide 3
Sunstroke 4
Executed By Enemy 2
Known/Not Classified 74
Unknown 314
Total 6,777
State Military Units
Artillery 1 battalion
Cavalry 16 regiments
1 battalion
Infantry 18 regiments
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