Georgia Civil War Facts


Georgia was the 5th state to suceed from the Union on January 19, 1861. Georgia provided 133,486 of her sons for the war effort which translates to 3.5% (ranked 11th out of 44 states and territories) of the total men who served on both sides of the conflict. There were a total of 549 raids, skirmishes and battles in the state. Georgia had ? Confederate P.O.W. Camp at Americus, Andersonville (Camp Sumter, Castle Reed), Atlanta (East Point, Fulton County Jail), Augusta, Blackshear, Dalton, Fort Pulaski*, Macon (Camp Oglethorpe, Smith Slave Mart), Marietta, Millen (Camp Lawton), Savannah (3 prisons-Camp Davidson) and Thomasville.

In 1861, a new provision was added to Georgia's code requiring the governor to supply regimental flags to Georgia militia units assigned to fight outside the state.

These flags were to depict the "arms of the State" and the name of the regiment. In heraldry, "arms" refers to a coat of arms, which is the prominent design -- usually shown on a shield -- located at the center of an armorial bearing or seal. Arms usually appear on seals, but they are not synonymous with seals.

The code gave no indication as to the color to be used on the arms or the flag's background, though militia flags probably would have been on a field of blue.

The Armies

Confederate - 15 States and Territories
Total number of men recruited 130,000
% of Confederate Army 12.6%
Overall rank 2
% of South's Population 12.3%
Overall rank 2
Regiments of foreign-born soldiers
Frazier's Battery, Irish
19th Infantry: 1 Company (Co. B, Irish)
21st Infantry: 1 Company (Co. E, German)
Confederate Army Deaths
Killed Officers 172
Killed Enlisted 5,381
Died of Wounds Officers 140
Died of Wounds Enlisted 1,579
Died of Disease Officers 107
Died of Disease Enlisted 3,595
Total 10,974
State Military Units
Artillery 3 regiments
10 battalions
16 companies
17 batteries
Cavalry 22 regiments
20 battalions
23 companies
1 squadron
Infantry 39 regiments
72 battalions
44 companies
1 brigade
Engineers 1 regiment
Sharpshooter 4 battalions
Union - 43 States and Territories
Total number of men recruited 3,486
% of Union Army 0.1%
% of State's Population 0.3%
Overall rank 35
Union Army Deaths
Killed/Mortally Wounded ??
Disease 13
Disease in Prison ??
Accidents/Drowning ??
Murdered ??
Military Execution ??
Executed By Enemy ??
Known/Not Classified ??
Unknown 2
Total 15
State Military Units
Artillery none
Cavalry none
Infantry 1 battalion
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