Arkansas Civil War Facts

Overall

Arkansas was the 9th state to suceed from the Union. Arkansas provided 58,815 of her sons for the war effort which translates to 1.5% (ranked 24th out of 44 states and territories) of the total men who served on both sides of the conflict. There were a total of 771 raids, skirmishes and battles in the state. Arkansas had 1 Union P.O.W. Camp: Little Rock

Though simple in appearance, the flag was rich in symbolism. The colors red, white, and blue signified that Arkansas was one of the United States. The diamond reminded viewers that Arkansas had the nation's only diamond mine. The 25 white stars bordering the diamond showed that Arkansas was the 25th state to enter the union.

The three stars in the center of the flag did triple duty as historical symbols. Prior to statehood, Arkansas had belonged to 3 nations: Spain, France, and the United States. The United States purchased Louisiana, which included Arkansas, in 1803 and Arkansas was the third state created out of the Louisiana Purchase.

The flag remained unchanged until 1923, when the Legislature added a fourth star to the diamond to represent the Confederacy.

The Armies



Confederate - 15 States and Territories
Total number of men recruited 45,000
Percentage of CSA Army 4.4%
Overall rank 10
Percentage of South's Pop. 10.4%
Overall rank 7
Regiments of foreign-born soldiers
None
Confederate Army Deaths
Killed/Mortally Wounded Officers 104
Killed/Mortally Wounded Enlisted 2,061
Died of Wounds Officers 27
Died of Wounds Enlisted 888
Died of Disease Officers 74
Died of Disease Enlisted 3,708
Total 6,862
State Military Units
Artillery 2 regiments
29 batteries
Cavalry 48 regiments
16 battalions
3 companies
Infantry 65 regiments
8 battalions
5 companies
1 brigade
Sharpshooter 1 regiment
1 battalion
Union - 43 States and Territories
Total number of men recruited 13,815
Percentage of Union Army 0.5%
Percentage of state's population 3.2%
Overall rank 27
Union Army Deaths
Killed/Mortally Wounded 305
Disease 1,254
Disease in Prison 8
Accidents/Drowning 25
Murdered 24
Military Execution 2
Executed By Enemy 13
Known/Not Classified 23
Unknown 59
Total 1,713
State Military Units
Artillery 1 battery
Cavalry 4 regiments
Infantry 4 regiments/
1 battalion
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